The member or members of the Cabinet responsible for the development and implementation of national education policy take their title from the government department which they are appointed to head. In 1964, when the Department of Education and Science (DES) was created, it was headed by the Secretary of State for Education and Science. The reorganization of the department in 1993 led to a change in title, with the DES becoming the Department for Education and the minister responsible to the Secretary of State for Education. The merging of the DES and the Employment Department in 1995 necessitated a further change of title to Secretary of State for Education and Employment, heading the Department for Education and Employment. In 2001 the government department underwent a further change of name, becoming the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) and headed by the Secretary of State for Education and Skills. In 2007 the DfES was replaced by two new government departments, each headed by their own secretary of state: the Department for Children, Schools, and Families, and the Department for Innovation, Universities, and Skills. The changes in title, both of department and of minister responsible, to some extent reflect governments' priorities and policies in education over the decades. In summary, then, the titles of secretaries of state responsible for education over the past half‐century have been as follows:Cabinet responsibility, therefore, for education in schools has been separated from that for post‐compulsory education and training in the higher education and the lifelong learning sectors, and these policy responsibilities are now divided accordingly between the two secretaries of state. Working with each are junior ministers with delegated responsibility for specific areas of provision. As well as these elected colleagues, the secretaries of state have the support of a team of unelected civil servants to advise and support them on policy and other issues. See also White Paper.
Secretary of State for Education and Science
Secretary of State for Education
Secretary of State for Education and Employment
Secretary of State for Education and Skills
Secretary of State for Children, Schools, and Families
Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities, and Skills