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Second Athenian Confederacy


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A maritime defensive alliance‐system open to Greek cities and dynasts outside Anatolia, whose original motive was to ensure that Sparta respected the freedom and autonomy guaranteed by the King's Peace. Its foundation (379/8) involved converting several existing bilateral alliances into a system which eventually (early 377) offered special rights, viz. a deliberative assembly; no internal political interference, tribute, governors, or garrisons; and no cleruchy or private Athenian property‐ownership within allied states. Starting with six members, the confederacy burgeoned in 378–373. Spartan naval challenges were crushed. In 375/4 Sparta conceded that the confederacy did not infringe autonomy. However, Athens failed to subdue a revolt led by Rhodes, Cos, and Chios (Social War, 357–355). The Confederacy was dismantled after the creation of the Corinthian League.

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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