The transformative processes and products involved in the ostensibly objective, factual, and informational reporting or depiction of phenomena in texts or discourse in any medium. These may variously be conscious or unconscious and include: addition, deletion, substitution, transposition, as well as framing, foregrounding, and backgrounding. They can be seen as key factors in relation to issues of representational bias such as stereotyping and symbolic erasure. Although the apparent passivity of the underlying filter metaphor underplays active agency and tends to imply unavoidability, greater alertness to such processes among relevant professionals could, of course, help to reduce bias in factual genres. See also representation.
Subjects: Media Studies.