King of Assyria, 705–681bce. He led several campaigns against Babylon, to the south, but the main campaign in the west was in 701 bce, after Hezekiah king of Judah had organized an alliance of coastal states with some Egyptian support. The Assyrian response was swift and decisive; the coalition collapsed and Hezekiah only saved Jerusalem by paying tribute (2 Kgs. 18: 14–16). Isaiah had counselled defiance. The account in 2 Kgs. 19: 32 ff. that the siege of Jerusalem was suddenly lifted is not corroborated from Assyrian sources. Sennacherib was assassinated by his sons (2 Kgs. 19: 37).
Subjects: Biblical Studies.