(b Horaždowitz, Bohemia, 1852; d Pisek, 1934).
Cz. violinist and teacher. Leader of orch. at Salzburg Mozarteum 1870–3; début Vienna 1873. Settled in Russia. Taught Imperial Russ. Mus. Sch., Kiev, 1875–92. Prof. of vn., Prague Cons. 1892–1906. Dir., vn. master‐sch., Vienna Acad. of Mus. 1909–19. Returned to Prague 1919. Developed special intonation and bowing techniques, set out in detail in his pubd. method.