An apophysitis affecting the heel, resulting in inflammation and breakdown in the attachment point of the Achilles tendon to the calcaneus. The condition is characterized by pain, swelling, and tenderness in the calcaneus when running and walking. The condition is probably caused by overloading and overuse. It tends to occur in active individuals between 5 and 15 years and usually resolves spontaneously when the afflicted athlete reaches 16–18 years, when ossification of the skeleton is complete. Until resolved, it is important to reduce mechanical stress on the heel. This can he done by moderating activity and using a shock-absorbing heel cushion.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.