sex-specific differences

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In sport, differences of performances between males and females determined by physiological and anatomical differences. Although there is an overlap between body build and physiological functions, women tend to have a higher proportion of adipose tissue, lower maximal oxygen consumption, lower bone density, and lower absolute muscle mass than men. These and other differences tend to make them less powerful than men and is one explanation why women are outperformed by men in most sports and physical activities. However, cultural and psychological differences are also contributory factors to the differences in performance.

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.

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