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Leonardo da Vinci (1452—1519)

Giorgio Vasari (1511—1574) Italian painter, architect, and biographer

Giorgione (c. 1477—1510) Italian painter


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(It., ‘faded away’, from fumo: ‘smoke’).

Term used to describe the blending of tones or colours so subtly that they melt into one another without perceptible transitions—in Leonardo's words, ‘without lines or borders, in the manner of smoke’. Leonardo was a supreme exponent of sfumato and Vasari regarded his ability to mellow the precise outlines characteristic of the earlier quattrocento as one of the distinguishing marks of ‘modern’ painting.

Subjects: Art.

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