Lebanese Sunni political and religious activist. Graduated from al-Azhar University. Active in Tripoli in the Muslim Brotherhood. Came to prominence in the 1980s after he founded the militant Harakat al-Tawhid al-Islami (Islamic Unity Movement). Asserted control over the city of Tripoli in the 1980s, but after the Syrian army intervened he aligned himself with Syria and Iran. Was the Iranian government's strongest Sunni ally in Lebanon.