Sharif Husayn ibn Ali

(d. 1931)

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(d. 1931)

Grand sharif of Mecca who led the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire in 1916. His legitimacy was based on his religious prestige as a descendant of Muhammad and his role as custodian of Mecca and Medina. Declared himself caliph in 1924 when the Ottoman caliphate was abolished. Was overthrown and exiled by Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud, but his sons established Hashemite rule in Iraq and Trans-Jordan.

Subjects: Islam.

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