1 A light, small sailing vessel of about 25 tons, either schooner rigged or with a lugsail rig, employed in commercial fisheries during the days of sail. Being fast and weatherly, particularly with the lugsail rig, they were also frequently employed as tenders during the days of sailing navies.
2 A large, heavy, undecked boat with a single mast, fore-and-aft rigged. In many cases in the 17th and 18th centuries when ships were driven ashore in storms, contemporary accounts mention the ship's carpenters building a shallop from the timber of a shipwreck. This enabled some of the crew to sail to the nearest port to summon assistance.
3 A small French coastal gunboat of the 18th and early 19th centuries, single masted and armed with one gun. They were known as chaloupes and carried a crew of about 40 men.
4 Alternative name for a skiff rowed by one or two men.