(b. Birmingham, 4 March 1854; d. London, 23 March 1945) British meteorologist who was largely responsible for turning the Meteorological Office from a primarily clerical organization into a centre for scientific meteorology, becoming its first Director in 1905. He strongly supported various scientific investigations, particularly those into the nature of the upper atmosphere, and Lewis Fry Richardson's work on numerical weather prediction. He also introduced the tephigram as a meteorological tool.
Shaw actively promoted international cooperation, and was President of the International Meteorological Organization 1907–23. He secured agreement on the free exchange of meteorological data around the world and the methods by which this was to be achieved. With Vilhelm Bjerknes, he promoted the adoption of the millibar as the international unit of pressure.
From A Dictionary of Weather in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology.