(b Omsk, 1902; d Moscow, 1963).
Russ. composer. Prof. of comp., Moscow Cons., from 1935, dir. 1942–8. Relieved of post in 1948 when, like Shostakovich and Prokofiev, was condemned for formalism. Reinstated 1951. Completed Mussorgsky's opera Sorochintsy Fair 1930. Wrote opera The Taming of the Shrew (1946–56); 5 syms. (1925–62); choral sym.‐poem Lenin (1931); vn. conc.; hn. concertino; 9 str. qts. (1923–63); pf. trio; pf. mus.; and songs.