A city north of Jerusalem controlling a vital trade route, and so very prosperous. It was visited by Abraham (Gen. 12: 6) and it was the burial site of Jacob (Josh. 24: 32) and the place where Joshua renewed the covenant (Josh. 24). It was destroyed by Abimelech, self-styled king (Judg. 9: 45), but rebuilt, and became the place chosen by Rehoboam for his coronation; but it was in the northern area which revolted against him soon afterwards, and Jeroboam I of Israel used Shechem temporarily as his capital. The city survived successfully until the Assyrian invaders again destroyed it; once more it was rebuilt and became a religious centre in 350 bce for the Samaritans. It was destroyed again when Samaria was subdued by John Hyrcanus in 107 bce, and again rebuilt. It survives today as part of the city of Nablus.
Subjects: Biblical Studies.