British Association footballer and captain of the England team since 1996.
Shearer was born in Gosforth, Newcastle upon Tyne, and as a boy played for the local Wallsend Boys' Club. His first spell as a professional footballer was with Southampton (1988–92). During this period he also won eleven international caps playing for the England under-21 side. In 1992 Shearer was transferred to Blackburn Rovers for a then record fee of £3,200,000. He proved to be both a prolific and a reliable goal scorer, netting over thirty goals in three consecutive seasons and so justifying his transfer fee. In 1994 he was named Footballer of the Year and in 1995 acclaimed by fellow sportsmen as Professional Football Association Player of the Year.
Shearer first played for England in 1992 and became captain in 1996. In that year he also became the top goal scorer in the European Championship tournament and returned to his native Tyneside for another world record transfer fee of £15 million, signing for Newcastle United. By the end of the 1996–97 season he had accumulated a career total of 213 league goals. In 1998 he led the national side with distinction in its unsuccessful bid to regain the World Cup.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).