Robert Sheringham was born in Guestwick, Norfolk and died in Cambridge on 30 April 1678 of an apoplectic fit which caused him to fall on the fire in his rooms at Caius College. He was educated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he gained a BA in 1623. Elected a Fellow of Caius, he proceeded to an MA in 1628. In 1634, he became rector of Patesley, Norfolk and ten years later he became one of the Proctors of Cambridge University. Sheringham was soon ejected from his Fellowship because of his strong Royalist views. He repaired to London and then to exile in Holland, where he taught Hebrew and Arabic. It was here that he composed and first published, shortly before the Restoration, his The King's Supremacy asserted. He returned to England at the Restoration and republished his book the same year (1660). He was restored to his Fellowship in Cambridge and spent the rest of his life studying ‘the original antiquities of the English nation’, especially the origins of the Anglo-Saxon race. His substantial book on the subject was published in 1670 and was very well received by the likes of Thomas Hearne, Anthony Wood, Edmund Bohun and William Nicolson.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.