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'shock-effect' can also refer to...



Kinds of Psychological Effect of Shock Therapy

X-rays from magnetically confined wind shocks: effect of cooling-regulated shock retreat

Effect of bolus epinephrine on systemic hemodynamics in canine anaphylactic shock

The effect of energy amplification variance on shock acceleration

The Effect of Temperature Shock and Grain Morphology on Alpha-amylase in Developing Wheat Grain

Effect of acid shock on protein expression by biofilm cells of Streptococcus mutans

Stimulation of rat pineal melatonin synthesis by a single electroconvulsive shock: chronobiological effect of antidepressant therapy?

Effect of early revascularisation in cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. A single center experience

Effect of heat shock treatment on stress tolerance and biocontrol efficacy of Metschnikowia fructicola

Common Genes or Exogenous Shock? Disentangling the Causal Effect of Paternal Unemployment on Children's Schooling Efforts

The persistence of government expenditure shocks and the effect of monopolistic competition on the fiscal multiplier

The effect of endocardial defibrillator shocks on basic atrial electrophysiology in man Is post cardioversion atrial electrical ‘remodelling’ artefact?

The vulnerable period for low and high energy T-wave shocks: Role of dispersion of repolarisation and effect of d-sotalol

The effect of cell density and specific growth rate on accessory gene regulator and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 gene expression in Staphylococcus aureus

The effect of dietary lipid manipulation on murine splenic lymphocytes apoptosis and heat shock protein over expression

Different effect of glutamine on macrophage tumor necrosis factor-alpha release and heat shock protein 72 expression in vitro and in vivo

Effect of an Imidazolineoxyl Nitric Oxide on Prostaglandin Synthesis in Experimental Shock: Possible Role of Nitrogen Dioxide in Prostacyclin Synthase Inactivation


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  • Human Resource Management


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A shock-effect occurs when a sudden increase in labour costs forces management to improve the efficiency of operations and raise labour productivity. The shock may originate in unionization of the firm's workforce or a legislative change: for example, the introduction of a statutory minimum wage. A shock-effect can occur only if, prior to the shock, management was satisficing; that is, tolerating less than optimal efficiency. [See beneficial constraints, union voice, and X-inefficiency.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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