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'shock-effect' can also refer to...



Kinds of Psychological Effect of Shock Therapy

X-rays from magnetically confined wind shocks: effect of cooling-regulated shock retreat

The effect of energy amplification variance on shock acceleration

Effect of bolus epinephrine on systemic hemodynamics in canine anaphylactic shock

Effect of heat shock treatment on stress tolerance and biocontrol efficacy of Metschnikowia fructicola

The Effect of Temperature Shock and Grain Morphology on Alpha-amylase in Developing Wheat Grain

The persistence of government expenditure shocks and the effect of monopolistic competition on the fiscal multiplier

Effect of acid shock on protein expression by biofilm cells of Streptococcus mutans

Stimulation of rat pineal melatonin synthesis by a single electroconvulsive shock: chronobiological effect of antidepressant therapy?

Effect of early revascularisation in cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. A single center experience

The effect of endocardial defibrillator shocks on basic atrial electrophysiology in man Is post cardioversion atrial electrical ‘remodelling’ artefact?

Common Genes or Exogenous Shock? Disentangling the Causal Effect of Paternal Unemployment on Children's Schooling Efforts

Is the flip-flop behaviour of accretion shock cones on to black holes an effect of coordinates?

The effect of dietary lipid manipulation on murine splenic lymphocytes apoptosis and heat shock protein over expression

The effect of different degrees of feed restriction on heat shock protein 70, acute phase proteins, and other blood parameters in female broiler breeders

Studies on Alkaline Band Formation in Chara corallina: Ameliorating Effect of Ca2+ on Inhibition Induced by Osmotic Shock

Heat Tolerance of Cold Acclimated Puma Winter Rye Seedlings and the Effect of a Heat Shock on Freezing Tolerance


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  • Human Resource Management


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A shock-effect occurs when a sudden increase in labour costs forces management to improve the efficiency of operations and raise labour productivity. The shock may originate in unionization of the firm's workforce or a legislative change: for example, the introduction of a statutory minimum wage. A shock-effect can occur only if, prior to the shock, management was satisficing; that is, tolerating less than optimal efficiency. [See beneficial constraints, union voice, and X-inefficiency.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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