Covered walkway, usually top-lit, either by means of a clerestorey or with a glazed roof, with shops on both or one side, called an arcade. It is derived from the Islamic bazaar. Early European arcades were the Burlington Arcade, London (1815–18— designed by Samuel Ware (1781–1860) ), the Galerie d'Orléans, Paris (1828–30—demolished 1935—by Fontaine), and the charming Galerie Vero-Dodat, Paris (1822—which still survives). One of the grandest of all such arcades is the huge Galleria Vittorio Emmanuele II, Milan (1864–7—by Mengoni—the roof structure of which is of iron and glass).
Geist (1983);Lauter (1984);Lemoine (1989);MacKeith (1986)