battle of Shrewsbury

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Owain Glyndŵr (c. 1359—1415) rebel leader in Wales

Henry V (1387—1422) king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine

Henry Percy (1364—1403) soldier

Henry IV (1366—1413) king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine

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Henry IV learned of the rebellion of Hotspur (Henry Percy), in league with Owain Glyndŵr, Thomas Percy, earl of Worcester, Archibald, earl of Douglas, and Edmund Mortimer, when he was at Burton. A forced march carried his troops westwards to Shrewsbury to join his son Henry, prince of Wales, campaigning in Wales. Hotspur arrived to find the town in royal hands. Glyndŵr did not join him, and his father, the earl of Northumberland, got no nearer than Pontefract. Hotspur was outnumbered, but he resolved to give battle rather than risk retreat and disintegration. The early exchanges on 31 July went in favour of the rebels but Hotspur was killed and his followers fled.

Subjects: British History — Military History.

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