(1836–1900) Union naval officer born in New York City. Sicard was executive officer aboard the USS Oneida off New Orleans as the Civil War broke out. He participated in the Vicksburg campaign (1862–63) and attained the rank of lieutenant commander. He served aboard of number of warships and commanded the left wing of the Second Naval Division at the landing at Fort Fisher. Sicard was commanding the Saginaw in the Pacific in 1870 when the ship was wrecked on Ocean Island. Sicard sent five men to try to reach Hawaii, 1,200 miles away, but only one arrived safely. Sicard and the rest of the crew were rescued after two months. Sicard designed a steel breech-loading gun that became the model for the navy's first such weapon and headed the navy's Ordnance Bureau for ten years (1881–91). Malaria kept him from a much desired command in the Spanish-American War, but he did head the Naval War Board of Strategy. He retired in 1898.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.