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Sicyon


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City west of Corinth: they shared a rich coastal plain. The original site remains unknown. The tyrant dynasty of the Orthagorids began c.650 bc and lasted for a century; it was the longest known to Aristotle. Cleisthenes (1) gave insulting names to the Dorian tribes (see dorians) as much for enmity to Argos as to enhance the standing of his own non‐Dorian tribe. He destroyed Crisa (or Cirrha) in the First Sacred War. He held a magnificent contest for the hand of his daughter Agaristē, and through her became grandfather of Cleisthenes 2 of Athens. Sparta ejected the last tyrant, and Sicyon became an ally. It played some part in the First Peloponnesian War; Athenians twice landed and won battles in its territory. Sparta intervened in 417 to make an already existing oligarchy narrower.

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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