Remarkable events which witness to the will of God, such as the rainbow (Gen. 9: 12) or the plagues wrought by Moses and Aaron in Egypt (Exod. 10: 2). In the NT the Jews demanded miraculous signs from Jesus (Matt. 12: 38), which he refused. In John's gospel the miracles are called signs (semeia in Greek) which are intended to produce faith (John 20: 30–31). But the signs intended to elicit faith in Jesus as Son of God embrace not only miracles but also other events recorded in this gospel: e.g. the cleansing of the Temple, Jesus' entry into Jerusalem, and the climax of the Passion and Resurrection. In this sense the whole of John's gospel is an extended sign (21: 24–5) and claims to be a reliable authority to readers who were not themselves eye-witnesses (20: 29). Jesus would therefore be accepted as the one who performs the works of God, which are the eschatological acts of salvation (John 5: 20–23).
Subjects: Biblical Studies — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).