(b Arnsberg, Westphalia, 17 Sept 1837; d Munich, 18 May 1896). German bass. He studied in Berlin, making his début in 1863 at Neustrelitz as Oroveso in Vincenzo Bellini's Norma. After singing in Göteborg, Prague and Wiesbaden, in 1881 he was engaged at the Munich Hofoper, where he remained until his death. At Bayreuth he sang Hagen in the first Ring cycle (1876), Gurnemanz in Parsifal (1882–9) and King Mark in Tristan und Isolde (1886). His wide repertory included W. A. Mozart (Sarastro and the Commendatore), Carl Maria von Weber (Caspar in Der Freischütz), Giacomo Meyerbeer (Bertram in Robert le diable) and other Wagner roles.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.