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An umbrella term for diverse forms of martial arts in south-east Asia, particularly in the Malaysian archipelago. It fuses into forms of folk dance and its proponents also attribute a spiritual dimension to the practice. In Indonesia, the term pencak silat was adopted in 1948 as a unifying term for the different martial arts traditions. Silat features in the South-East Asian Games, and its survival has contributed to expressions of cultural nationalism as well as regional identity.

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