Indian statesman; Prime Minister (2004– ). An economist, he was a government advisor (1971–76), a director of the Reserve Bank of India (1976–80), and subsequently its governor (1982–85). From 1991–1996 he was Minister of Finance in the Congress government of P. V. Narasimha Rao and carried out a comprehensive programme of liberal market-oriented economic reforms. He unexpectedly became Prime Minister following the 2004 elections when Sonia Gandhi, the leader of the Congress party, declined the position.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.