(b Oloron Ste Marie, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 14 Aug 1904; d Santa Barbara, CA, 9 March 1990). American baritone of French birth. He studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure de St Cloud (1925–7) and with André Gresse at the Paris Conservatoire (1927–30), where he won premiers prix in both opera and opéra-comique singing. He continued his studies with Juliette Fourestier and in November 1930 made his début in Amsterdam as Orestes in Iphigénie en Tauride under Pierre Monteux. He first sang at the Opéra a month later, as Athanaël in Thaïs, and remained a principal baritone of that company as well as singing at the Opéra-Comique. At Paris his roles included Richard Wagner's Dutchman, Telramund and Gunther, much Giuseppe Verdi, Ambroise Thomas’ Hamlet and Gioachino Rossini's Figaro.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.