Ahmad Sirhindi


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(d. 1624)

Indian Sufi whose ideas shaped the second (Mujaddidi) phase of the Naqshbandi order. Prolific writer who addressed the need for revival of orthodoxy, suppression of superstitious Sufi practices, and humiliation of infidels. Prime concern was to integrate Sufi ideas within a Sunni framework. Promoted the concept of wahdat al-shuhud (unity of appearance) over Ibn al-Arabi's wadat al-wujud (unity of Being). New emphasis focused on worldly action, rather than just otherworldly contemplation, forming a basis for involvement with political power and emphasis on orthodoxy. Titled “mujaddid-i alf-i thani” (renewer of the second millennium of Islam). His notion of obedience to Islamic law as a means of achieving spiritual realization was widely accepted by the Naqshbandis and carried by his successors into Central Asia, Turkey, and Arab lands

Subjects: Islam.

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