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Sitagroi, Greece


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Neolithic tell mound in the Plain of Drama, eastern Macedonia, excavated under the direction of Marija Gimbutas and Colin Renfrew in 1968–9 in order to explore the chronological and social relationships between the Aegean and the Balkans. More than 10 m of stratified deposits are represented on the site, resolving themselves into six major phases and spanning a period of perhaps 3000 years. The earliest, I–III, roughly correspond to the middle and later Neolithic of Bulgaria (Karanovo III onwards) and date to about 4500 bc. Sitagroi III included material of Gumelniţa type. The later levels at Sitagroi (IV, Va, and Vb) correspond to the Bulgarian early Bronze Age (Ezero Phase). Sitagroi IV includes material comparable with that from Troy I. Together the Sitagroi sequence supports the claim for the autonomous development of metalworking in southeast Europe, separate from developments in Anatolia.

Rep.:

C. Renfrew, M. Gimbutas, and E. Elster, 1987, Excavations at Sitagroi: a prehistoric village in northeast Greece 1. Los Angeles: University of California Institute of Archaeology

Subjects: Archaeology.


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