A technique used in selection interviews where candidates are presented with scenarios based on realistic situations that might be encountered in the job and asked to explain what they would do. The ‘situations’ are derived in advance of the interview and the possible responses are rated on a scale denoting the appropriateness of the response. Thus, when the interviewee responds, his or her answer is matched to the list of possible responses and allocated a score. The interviewee will be given a number of different situations, and an overall score will be calculated. All interviewees are given the same situations, and are rated on the same scales. Situational interviews are considered to have high reliability and validity.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.