(b Philadelphia, 1921; d Encinitas, Calif., 1999).
Amer. composer and pianist. Worked as pianist with Balanchine ballet 1936–7 and NY City Sym. 1947–8. Taught at various colleges and univs. Prof. Fred Hoyle, Eng. astronomer, wrote lib. for his opera The Alchemy of Love (1969). Works incl. ballet Virginia Sampler (1947), 3 syms., pf. conc., Academic Graffiti for v. and chamber ens. (text by Auden), chamber mus., etc.