(b Waupawn, Wis., 13 Feb. 1918; d 23 Jan. 1994)
US designer and director. He became co-director (with Lucia Chase) of American Ballet Theatre in 1945 and continued there until 1980, returning in 1990. During much of this time he was American Ballet Theatre's resident designer, designing over 30 works for it (and other companies), including de Mille's Rodeo (1942) and Fall River Legend (1948), Robbins's Fancy Free (1944), David Blair's productions of Swan Lake (1967) and Giselle (1968), and Tetley's Contredances (1979). He also designed many Broadway shows, including West Side Story (chor. Robbins, 1957), and several films, including Oklahoma! (dir. Zinnemann, 1955), Guys and Dolls (dir. Mankiewicz, 1955), and Porgy and Bess (dir. Preminger, 1959). He was awarded the Handel Medallion (New York, 1975).
Subjects: Theatre — Dance.