William Smith

(c. 1727—1803) Church of England clergyman and educationist

'William Smith' can also refer to...

Edwin William Smith (1876—1957) missionary and anthropologist

George William Duff Assheton Smith (1848—1904) quarry owner and landowner

John William Smith (1809—1845) legal writer

Josiah William Smith (1816—1887) legal writer

Michael William Smith (1809—1891) army officer

Revd James William Smith (1815)

Robert William Innes Smith (1872—1933) physician and medical historian

Sir Graham William Smith (1939—2002) probation officer

Sir William Alexander Smith (1854—1914) founder of the Boys' Brigade and businessman

Sir William Cusack Smith (1766—1836) judge and politician

Sir William Smith (1813—1893) classical and biblical scholar

Sir William Smith Crawford (1878—1950) advertising agent

William A Smith

William Arthur Smith Benson (1854—1924) metalwork designer

William Farrar Smith (1824—1903)

William Forgan Smith (1887—1953)

(William) Frederick Danvers Smith (1868—1928) newsagent and hospital reformer

William H. Smith (1806—1872) writer and philosopher

William Hart-Smith (1911—1990)

William Henry Sedley-Smith (1806—1872)

William Henry Smith (1825—1891) newsagent and politician

William Jay Smith (b. 1918)

William Robert Smith (1886—1982) billiards and snooker player

William Robertson Smith (1846—1894) theologian and Semitic scholar

William Saumarez Smith (1836—1909) archbishop of Sydney

William Smith (1769—1839) civil engineer and geologist

William Smith (1697—1769) lawyer and jurist in America

William Smith (1728—1793) lawyer and politician in America

William Smith (1730—1819) actor


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(1727–1803), Scottish-born educator and Episcopal minister, came to America (1751), and, after outlining his theories of education in A General Idea of the College of Mirania (1753), was made provost of the College of Philadelphia (1755–79). He was prominent in politics as a supporter of the Crown and the Penn family, opposing the Quakers and such liberals as Franklin, and his opposition to the assembly occasioned a temporary imprisonment. To further his conservative beliefs, he edited The American Magazine and Monthly Chronicle (1752–58), and at the approach of the Revolution attacked Paine's Common Sense in a series of weekly letters to The Pennsylvania Gazette, written under the pseudonym Cato. These were answered by Paine in the Pennsylvania Packet. Although Smith opposed the Stamp Act as contrary to the rights of Englishmen, he was equally set against the independence of the colonies. His Sermon on the Present Situation of American Affairs (1775) created a sensation, and was considered by many to be a Loyalist document. The Assembly voided the charter of his college (1779), contending that the administration was hostile to the state government and opposed to equal privileges for all religious denominations. Smith then went to Maryland to found Washington College, of which he was president until the Pennsylvania college charter was restored (1789). He was again provost, until the college became the University of Pennsylvania (1791).

From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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