Policies, practices, procedures, and methods aimed at reducing, preferably eliminating, atmospheric pollution with smoke from combusted carbon fuels. The sources of smoke may be industrial furnaces and generators, or domestic cooking and heating fires, or both. The largest global source of smoke is biomass fuel combustion in domestic stoves. Smoke abatement measures include the use of smokeless fuel (this is not necessarily nonpolluting) and establishment of smokeless zones as in some European cities since the mid 20th century.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.