Joshua Toulmin Smith was born in Birmingham and died while bathing at Lancing in East Sussex. The son of an educational reformer, he was articled to a local solicitor before becoming a student at Lincoln's Inn. He was called to the Bar in 1849, some years after returning from the United States, where he was resident between 1837 and 1842. With W.J. Evelyn and the Rev. M.W. Malet, he was a co-founder of the Anti-Centralization Union in 1854, producing a number of papers during its three-year existence. Thereafter he founded and edited The Parliamentary Remembrance, a weekly record of action in Parliament. His publications include: Government by Commissions: Illegal and Pernicious (1849); Local Self Government and Centralization (1851); The People and the Parish (1853); The Parish: its Powers and Obligations, its Officers and their Duties (1854) and Local Self Government Unmystified (1857).
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.