Hohokam Culture village settlement of the Pioneer and early Sedentary stages (300 bc–ad 1100) situated in the lower Gila River valley. Excavations by Emil Haury in 1964–5 revealed that the site covered more than 1 square km with over 60 refuse mounds. In the centre is a plaza and ball‐court, around which were numerous pit‐houses. Cultivated areas around the village were watered through an extensive irrigation system. Maize, squash, and beans were grown. Pottery production and the manufacture of shell ornaments took place at the site. Links with Mesoamerican communities are attested by the presence of copper bells and figurines.
E. W. Haury, 1976, The Hohokam, desert farmers and craftsmen: excavations at Snaketown 1964–1965. Tucson: University of Arizona Press