(1819–1900), Scottish astronomer, artist, and photographic pioneer. Smyth made photogenic drawings at the Cape in 1839 and died whilst producing an extended series of cloud-form photographs (presaging Stieglitz). He photographed his 1856 ascent up Tenerife, illustrating his official reports with enlargements produced by his wife Jessie and photoglyphic engravings made from his negatives by Henry Talbot. For his controversial 1865 expedition to document the Great Pyramid, Smyth devised a miniature negative camera, invented sealed developing tanks, and employed magnesium flash lighting.
From The Oxford Companion to the Photograph in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Photography and Photographs.