Overview

social clause


'social clause' can also refer to...

social clause

social clause

The WTO and the Social Clause: Post-Singapore

Brief History of the Social Clause in Trade Policy

1966, General Assembly, Twenty-First Session, Third Committee, Agenda Item 62, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights, Final Clauses of the Draft Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1411th Meeting, A/C.3/SR.1411 (2 November 1965)

1951, Commission on Human Rights, Seventh Session, Agenda Item 3(b), Draft International Covenant on Human Rights and Measures of Implementation, USA: Proposal Relating to a General Clause Concerning Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, E/CN.4/610/Add.1 (5 May 1951)

1951, Commission on Human Rights, Seventh Session, Agenda Item 3(b), Draft International Covenant on Human Rights and Measures of Implementation, USA: Proposal Relating to a General Clause Concerning Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, E/CN.4/610 (5 May 1951)

1966, General Assembly, Twenty-First Session, Third Committee, Agenda Item 62, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights, Final Clauses of the Draft Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1413th Meeting, A/C.3/SR.1413 (4 November 1965)

1966, General Assembly, Twenty-First Session, Third Committee, Agenda Item 62, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights, Final Clauses of the Draft Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1410th Meeting, A/C.3/SR.1410 (1 November 1965)

1966, General Assembly, Twenty-First Session, Third Committee, Agenda Item 62, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights, Final Clauses of the Draft Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1412nd Meeting, A/C.3/SR.1412 (3 November 1965)

1966, General Assembly, Twenty-First Session, Third Committee, Agenda Item 62, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights, Final Clauses of the Draft Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1414th Meeting, A/C.3/SR.1414 (4 November 1965)

1966, General Assembly, Twenty-First Session, Third Committee, Agenda Item 62, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights, Final Clauses of the Draft Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1408th Meeting, A/C.3/SR.1408 (31 October 1966)

1966, General Assembly, Twenty-First Session, Third Committee, Agenda Item 62, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights, Final Clauses of the Draft Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1409th Meeting, A/C.3/SR.1409 (1 November 1965)

1966, General Assembly, Twenty-First Session, Third Committee, Agenda Item 62, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights, Final Clauses of the Draft Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1407th Meeting, A/C.3/SR.1407 (28 October 1966)

1951, Commission on Human Rights, Seventh Session, Agenda Item 3(b), Draft International Covenant on Human Rights and Measures of Implementation, France: Proposal for a General Clause Concerning Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, E/CN.4/612 (5 May 1951)

1951, Commission on Human Rights, Seventh Session, Agenda Item 3(b), Draft International Covenant on Human Rights and Measures of Implementation, France: Proposal for a General Clause Concerning Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, E/CN.4/618 (9 May 1951)

1951, Commission on Human Rights, Seventh Session, Agenda Item 3(b), Draft International Covenant on Human Rights and Measures of Implementation, USA: Proposal Relating to a General Clause Concerning Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, E/CN.4/610/Add.2 (5 May 1951)

1954, Commission on Human Rights, Tenth Session, Draft International Covenants on Human Rights and Measures of Implementation, Applicability of the Human Rights Committee Procedure (Articles 27–48) to the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 451st Meeting, Other Final Clauses, E/CN.4/SR.451 (21 April 1954)

Judicial ‘essays’ again; whether there is a Trustee duty of ‘good citizenship’; has the Hastings-Bass problem become the Futter problem; whether gross inequality is a ‘social evil’ that constitutes a potential legislation risk to the Trust; stepping around, and dog-legging the Trust; the ‘engine rooms of trust law’; overreaching exculpation clauses; the perils of laches; more on Marley; and a splendid new Oxford publication

 

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This refers to a proposal to attach a clause to a multilateral trade agreement obliging the signatory governments to respect the fundamental rights of workers, as articulated in the core conventions of the International Labour Organization. The question of a social clause has risen to prominence in recent years as a result of the campaigning of trade unions, some national governments, and development and human rights organizations for the adoption of a social clause by the World Trade Organization (WTO). At the 1999 meeting of the WTO in Seattle, President Clinton called for labour standards to be included in trade agreements, with reinforcing sanctions; a proposal that was rejected by the majority of the 135 countries attending. The argument for a social clause is premissed on the belief that increased trade liberalization is leading to the erosion of national labour standards. In many developing economies, however, arguments of this kind are regarded as a form of protectionism designed to shelter the industrialized economies from competition. [See race to the bottom and regime competition.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.


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