social model of disability

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Is the view that social practices and attitudes render people disabled by making it difficult or impossible for those with physical or mental impairments to participate fully in social and economic life. The implication is that social practices, including those at the workplace, should be adjusted to allow the full inclusion of disabled people in social and economic activities. The social model of disability is often espoused by disability rights campaigners who wish to emphasize that the problems faced by the disabled arise as much in discrimination as they do in particular physical or mental conditions. Under pressure from campaigners, it has begun to shape disability employment law, most notably in the requirement on employers to make reasonable adjustments to accommodate those with an impairment. [See also medical model of disability.]

Subjects: Human Resource Management.

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