social presence

'social presence' can also refer to...

social presence

social presence

Fragmenting Hominins and the Presencing of Early Palaeolithic Social Worlds

Sex and social networking: the influence of male presence on social structure of female shark groups

The role of social presence in establishing loyalty in e-Service environments

Kin presence drives philopatry and social aggregation in juvenile Desert Night Lizards (Xantusia vigilis)

‘Interesting Post, But I Disagree’: Social Presence and Antisocial Behaviour in Academic Weblogs

The Material Presence of Early Social Work: The Practice of the Archive

Pain Measurement in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project: Presence, Intensity, and Location

The Impact of Social Presence on Feelings of Closeness in Personal Relationships

The Extent of Our Abilities: The Presence, Salience, and Sociality of Affordances

Advocating for an Enhanced Presence of Social Workers in Special Medical Needs Shelters during Emergencies

Age differences in the perception of social presence in the use of 3D virtual world for social interactionq☆

How Social Are We? A Cross-Sectional Study of the Website Presence and Social Media Activity of Canadian Plastic Surgeons

Thomas W. Maulucci and Detlef Junker, editors. GIs in Germany: The Social, Economic, Cultural, and Political History of the American Military Presence

Video-mediated and co-present gameplay: Effects of mutual gaze on game experience, expressiveness and perceived social presence☆

Testis size depends on social status and the presence of male helpers in the cooperatively breeding cichlid Julidochromis ornatus

Social Work beyond the VDU: Foregrounding Co-Presence in Situated Practice—Why Face-to-Face Practice Matters

G.I.s in Germany: The Social, Economic, Cultural, and Political History of the American Military Presence


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A subjective or phenomenal quality attributed to a medium related to the sensory channels which it supports. Media differ in their degree of social presence and this is argued to be a factor in determining the ways in which individuals use them in interaction since the choice of medium affects the nature of the interaction. In 1976, the British psychologists John Short, Ederyn Williams, and Bruce Christie ranked face-to-face communication as having the most social presence, followed by CCTV, the telephone (including speaker-phones and audio conferencing systems), and finally business letters. Media with high social presence are able to communicate facial expression, direction of gaze, posture, dress, and nonverbal vocal cues, which represent the presence of another person (see also psychological distance). However, it is not true that media with high social presence are simply better, for those with low social presence are better suited to task-oriented purposes where the sense of presence is not an issue. See also cuelessness; compare media richness.

Subjects: Media Studies.

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