social cognitive theory

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An approach to social learning, incorporating findings from research into learning (1), memory, and social cognition, and focusing on people's thoughts and how they affect social behaviour. It was introduced by the Canadian-born US psychologist Albert Bandura (born 1925) in his book Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory (1986), as a successor to social learning theory. See also self-efficacy. SCT abbrev.

Subjects: Psychology.

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