US federal legislation enacted in 1935 with many subsequent amendments. It originally provided entitlements to meet the economic needs of elderly and retired people, the disabled, and the needy. It incorporates a compulsory insurance program; unemployment insurance; aid for families with dependent children or blind and disabled persons, etc. The provisions are set out in about 20 numbered Titles of the Social Security Act. Most other industrial nations have similar legislation of varying effectiveness and comprehensiveness.
Subjects: United States History — Public Health and Epidemiology.