social stratification

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Even the most egalitarian societies have some hierarchical structure, and in all democracies there are distinctions on the basis of education, income, occupation, cultural differences, and social mores related to prior schooling and membership in faith-based and many other institutions of society. Inevitably, some of these are perceived as having higher social standing than others; thus “social stratification” is a useful term to describe them. Health status often correlates with social standing in most social strata.

Subjects: Medicine and Health — History.

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