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Socinus


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The Latinized name of two Italian religious teachers.(1) Lelio Francesco Maria Sozini (1525–62). Trained as a lawyer at Bologna, he found his main interests in theology and was received by the Reformers in various countries. At Geneva he was challenged on the doctrine of the Trinity, but satisfied H. Bullinger and settled at Zurich.(2) Fausto Paolo Sozzini (1539–1604), his nephew. In 1562 he published at Lyons a work on St John's Gospel denying the essential divinity of Christ; by 1563 he also rejected people's natural immortality. He returned to Italy in 1563 and was in the service of the daughter of the Grand Duke of Tuscany until 1574, outwardly conforming to Catholicism. From 1579 he lived in Poland, where he did much to spread moderate Unitarian doctrines among the upper classes. See also Racovian Catechism and Unitarianism.

(1) Lelio Francesco Maria Sozini (1525–62). Trained as a lawyer at Bologna, he found his main interests in theology and was received by the Reformers in various countries. At Geneva he was challenged on the doctrine of the Trinity, but satisfied H. Bullinger and settled at Zurich.

(2) Fausto Paolo Sozzini (1539–1604), his nephew. In 1562 he published at Lyons a work on St John's Gospel denying the essential divinity of Christ; by 1563 he also rejected people's natural immortality. He returned to Italy in 1563 and was in the service of the daughter of the Grand Duke of Tuscany until 1574, outwardly conforming to Catholicism. From 1579 he lived in Poland, where he did much to spread moderate Unitarian doctrines among the upper classes. See also Racovian Catechism and Unitarianism.

Subjects: Christianity.


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