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sodales


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Are either ‘companions, mates’, or else ‘members of a single college or fraternity’. Examples of the latter sense are the secondary religious groups of Rome: these include the fētiālēs, who made treaties and declared war; and three sodalities that were concerned with performing specific annual rites—the Salii; the Luperci, whose festival was the Lupercalia; and best recorded of them all, the fratrēs arvālēs, whose cult of Dea Dia was originally agrarian and concerned with boundaries, later with the celebration of the imperial house.

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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