(1452–1522), Florentine gonfaloniere. He began his political career in the service of Lorenzo de' Medici and Piero II de' Medici, and, when Piero was expelled from Florence in 1494, emerged as one of the most powerful figures in the republic. In 1502 Soderini was elected gonfaloniere di giustizia for life (Latin vexilifer perpetuus), a newly created office modelled on the dogeship of Venice. In the course of his ten years as head of the republic, Soderini reformed public sector finance and the judiciary and instituted a national militia to replace the ad hoc regiments of foreign mercenaries; in 1509 he triumphed in the war against Pisa by capturing the city.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).