Refers to meetings and discussions between the central organizations of business and labour at European level that have been encouraged by the European Commission since the mid-1980s. The Commission is anxious to develop the cooperative involvement of the social partners in policymaking and has sponsored meetings and encouraged joint policymaking and negotiations between the European Trade Union Confederation on the one side and the European employers' organizations on the other (i.e. CEEP and UNICE). One concrete expression of this dialogue has been the negotiation of a series of framework agreements on parental leave and fixed-term and part-time work that have been adopted as directives by the Council of Ministers. Another is a set of framework agreements on teleworking, work-related stress and harassment and violence at work, which have been implemented by further agreements between the social partners within member states. As well as a general dialogue between the social partners at European level, the Commission has also promoted a ‘sectoral social dialogue’ within particular business sectors.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.