Javier Solana Madariaga

(b. 1942)

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

(b. 14 July 1942).

High Representative of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the EU, 1999–  Born in Madrid, he studied physics and became a lecturer at the Complutense University in Madrid. Solana was appointed to a chair in solid–state physics in 1975, but in the 1977 elections he entered parliament as a member of the Spanish Socialist Party. The Prime Minister, Gonzalez, appointed him to the difficult post of Minister for Culture in 1982. He became Minister of Education and Science in 1988, and Foreign Minister in 1992. As NATO General Secretary from 1995, he promoted the alliance's expansion to include Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic. He also coordinated NATO's response to the Bosnian civil war. As the first public representative of the CFSP since 1999, Solana was initially limited in his effectiveness by having few powers of his own. However, as the representative of the EU's growing activism in foreign affairs, Solana enjoyed substantial informal power, overseeing, for example, the growing deployment of EU troops overseas.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.