(1832–1914), German photographer, active in Italy. Born in Frankfurt, Sommer turned to photography after initial commercial training, and in 1856–7 co-owned a studio in Rome specializing in stereo and carte de visite views, and pictures of the Vatican treasures. Soon afterwards he established himself in Naples, by this time increasingly frequented by tourists, and eventually ran four studios there. His growing output of albumen prints of Naples, Sicily, and other Italian locations gave him a strong position in the market, as did the vertical integration of his business, from picture taking to retail and mail-order distribution. In the early 1860s he captured topical images of Garibaldi and the aftermath of the Unification campaign around Naples.
From The Oxford Companion to the Photograph in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Photography and Photographs.