(b Wellesweiler-Neunkirchen, Saar, 20 Aug 1878; d Berlin, 9 June 1965). German tenor. He studied with Karl Scheidemantel in Dresden and made his début there in 1908 as Tonio (La fille du régiment). While at Dresden he created the Italian Tenor in Der Rosenkavalier (1911). He was a member of the Stuttgart Opera (1918–22), then moved to the Berlin Staatsoper, where his creations included the Drum Major in Wozzeck (1925). He was also the first Berlin Laca in Jenůfa (1924), Mephistopheles in Doktor Faust (1927) and Babinski in Švanda the Bagpiper (1929). But it was as a Richard Wagner tenor that he was best known; in 1924 and 1925 he sang Siegmund, Siegfried, Tristan, Erik and Walther at Covent Garden, and later sang Parsifal. His repertory also included Palestrina and Otello. He returned to the Berlin Staatsoper after World War II and continued to sing character roles there until 1952, taking part in the première of Paul Dessau's Die Verurteilung des Lukullus (1951).
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.