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Soranus


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Of Ephesus, physician under Trajan and Hadrian (ad 98–138), studied at Alexandria and practised at Rome. He wrote c.20 books, their subjects including a wide range of medical topics, medical biography, commentaries, and discussions of grammar and etymology. Those surviving in Greek are sections and fragments of On Signs of Fractures and On Bandages and Gynaecology. The last gives valuable information on gynaecology and obstetrics in the Roman empire, and is divided into (1) the midwife, female anatomy and conception; (2) childbirth and the care of the newborn; (3) pathology and diet; (4) surgery and drugs (see pharmacology). In the Greek east, Soranus' gynaecology survived in the work of the encyclopaedists. Esp. influential was his image of the ideal midwife: literate, sober, discreet, free from superstition, and equally well acquainted with both theory and practice (see midwives).

(1) the midwife, female anatomy and conception; (2) childbirth and the care of the newborn; (3) pathology and diet; (4) surgery and drugs (see pharmacology).

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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